2009 / 1

15.04.2009

Mortality of Hospitalized Drug Users in the Czech Republic

Zveřejnil: doc. Mgr. Roman Gabrhelík Ph.D. | Poslední úprava: 15.04.2009

Citace

LEJČKOVÁ, P., MRAVČÍK, V.

Klíčová slova

DRUG-RELATED DEATHS – MORTALITY OF DRUG USERS – COHORT STUDY – HEALTH CONSEQUENCES – DRUG TREATMENT

Abstrakt

SUMMARY: Drug users are generally thought to experience higher mortality rates than those found among the general population. This study analyzes mortality rates among different subgroups of drug users in the Czech Republic. For this project, a retrospective cohort mortality study was conducted. A cohort of 12,207 persons aged 15 to 49 who had been hospitalized for drug related behavioral disorders was followed from 1997 to 2002. The study findings indicate that direct standardized mortality for the cohort of drug users was 16.78 per 1000 personyears (PY); 22.38 for men and 11.18 per 1000 PY for women. After reaching a peak in 1998, mortality rates began to decrease and stabilized around 14 per 1,000 PY from 2000 to 2002. When compared to the rates found in the general population, drug user mortality is eight times higher than nonuser rates (SMR = 8.15; 8.13 for men and 8.22 for women). These mortality rates are highest among polyvalent drug and opiate users and lowest among stimulant users. The authors conclude that the overall mortality of opiate users in the Czech Republic is relatively low when compared with those reported in similar European and non-European studies. There were few overdoses found in the cohort, and in sharp contrast to other available studies, no AIDS related cases were observed.


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