Primární prevence


EU-Dap TOT network: European Drug Abuse Prevention Training of Trainers Network

Zveřejnil: doc. Mgr. Roman Gabrhelík Ph.D. | Poslední úprava: 21.04.2009

The overarched goal of the EU-Dap TOT network is to ensure Quality Control of efficacy tested school-based programmes based on a Comprehensive Social Influence model during the dissemination stage. In such a prevention programme the interactive training of the teachers is an evidence based and indispensable component. The trainers have to be trained themselves in a ‘TOT’ concept, and with the diversity of languages and cultures in our EU, the ‘master trainers’ responsible for this Training Of Trainers must rely on a standardised methodology, evidence base and high quality. This is realised by the EU-Dap drug abuse prevention network. Therefore the leading partners of this quality control project are installing the EU-Dap ‘Faculty’.

Increasing the quality of the effective prevention programme “Unplugged”
The Faculty does not start from scratch in this endeavour but relies on EU-Dap centres in 9 EU-member states implementing the ‘Unplugged’ prevention intervention. Unplugged is a Comprehensive Social Influence programme of 12 lessons that is delivered in one semester by the teacher to a class of pupils aged 12 to 14. Unplugged has been subject to a robust Randomized Controlled Trial with 7.079 pupils in 2005 with as typical results a reduced chance for recent drunkenness of 30%, for daily smoking of 28% and for cannabis use of 23%. (cf  A follow up after one year showed that effectiveness was sustained for most of the behaviour. To conclude, Unplugged is an effective intervention to delay the onset of drug use and the transition of experimenting to frequent drug use. The EU-Dap centres that established the RCT-study were joined by other interested prevention centres so that 9 centres in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Czech Republic, Greece, Poland, Sweden, Spain and Austria are currently disseminating the programme in their countries. Other EU-member states have expressed their interested to join them. The concept is tested and sound, the material is translated and distributed, the centres are each in their country taking care of training of teachers. For further dissemination the quality control of the training is necessary. The realisation of it is a contribution to capacity building, standardisation and sharing or disseminating expertise within the Drug Prevention and Information programme. 

Master trainers on EU level
To this end the Faculty creates a centrally managed European network of professionals with the responsibility to update and supervise contents and methods of programmes application. A particular group in this network will consist of master trainers, one in each involved country.  They are responsible for the design and spreading of the training to be delivered to the final providers (teachers in schools). 

Certified trainers of teachers on local level
The Faculty also creates a locally managed (country or centre level) network of certified trainers, further responsible of training and certification of the teachers in conjunction with the EU-Dap centres responsible for dissemination of the Unplugged programme. 15 local networks, lead by local institutions, are foreseen.

Unplugged and other prevention programmes
The network that the Faculty establishes is built upon the mutually implemented programme Unplugged. This strengthens the standardization of quality control. Once established however, the network is as well on the EU as on the local level capable to operate with other prevention programmes. The availability of an efficient network of Trainers of Trainers, able to implement quality standards and deliver certification is an important outcome and contribution to the efforts of the EU for assuring qualitative and evidence based drug abuse prevention programmes.
The Faculty also plays a role in the development of new programs, in the promotion of evaluation of programs, and not only in the training of Unplugged. An output of the training is also on education techniques, like interactive education, or specific tools from life skills training programmes.

Financial support: European Commission, Directorate-General Justice, Freedom And Security, Directorate C: Drug Prevention And Information, Rights And Citizenship, Grant Application Specific Transnational Projects.

Project coordinator: University College Ghent, Faculty for Social Work and Social Welfare Studies SOAG, Hogeschool Gent (Belgium)
Peer van der Kreeft 

OED Osservatorio Epidemiologico delle Dipendenze (Italy)
Charles University in Prague, Adiktologie (Czech Republic)
Pyxida (Greece)
Mentor Foundation UK (United Kingdom)

Associate partners:
EDEX Centro de Recursos Comunitarios (Spain)
Poznan University of Medical Science, Department of Toxicology (Poland)
Stockholm Centre for Public Health/Tobacco Prevention (Sweden)
De Sleutel (Belgium)
Institut für Sozial- und Gesundheitspsychologie: ISG (Austria)
University of L’Aquila, Department of Internal Medicine and Public Health (Italy)
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction: EMCDDA (international)
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime: UNODC (international)

Duration: December 2008 – December 2011

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